Four Sustainable Flooring Materials: Eco-friendly and Stylish Options for a Greener Future

Sustainable flooring

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28 Jun, 2024


Sustainable Flooring

In a world that is increasingly concerned about protecting the environment, the demand for environmentally friendly floor coverings is constantly growing.

These materials not only reduce our carbon footprint, but also add aesthetic appeal to our living spaces.

In this article, we will take a closer look at four popular eco-friendly flooring options: Bamboo, cork, reclaimed wood and recycled materials.


In today’s world, sustainable living is more than just a trend; it’s a necessity. In the pursuit of eco-friendly alternatives for their spaces, bamboo has emerged as a popular choice for flooring.


This article explores the fascinating world of bamboo flooring and looks at its benefits, installation, maintenance and environmental impact.

What is bamboo flooring?

Bamboo flooring is a type of hardwood flooring derived from bamboo plants.

It is an excellent alternative to traditional woods such as oak or maple, mainly because bamboo is a highly renewable resource.

Sustainability Factors

Fast growth: Bamboo plants mature in just three to five years, whereas traditional hardwood trees take decades.

Lower environmental impact: bamboo cultivation requires less water and pesticides compared to other hardwood trees.

Types of Bamboo Flooring

  • Solid bamboo flooring: Made from pure bamboo stalks, it offers durability and a natural look.
  • Multi-layer bamboo flooring: Consists of a bamboo top layer on top of other layers of wood and provides stability for changing humidity levels.

Installation Process

  • Preparation: Make sure that the subfloor is clean, level and dry. Acclimatise the bamboo planks to the room humidity for a few days.
  • Installation methods: Choose between nail, glue or click systems depending on your preferences and bamboo flooring type.

Care Tips

  • Regular cleaning: Sweep or vacuum the bamboo floor regularly to remove dust and dirt. Use a damp mop with a cleaner suitable for bamboo.
  • Avoid moisture: Excess moisture can damage the bamboo flooring. Wipe up spillages immediately and use carpets in damp areas such as kitchens.

Further Information

  • Durability and longevity: With proper care, bamboo flooring can last for decades, making it a smart investment for homes and businesses.
  • Aesthetic appeal: The unique grain patterns and warm tones of bamboo flooring add elegance to any room.
  • Cost comparison: Although bamboo flooring can be a little more expensive initially, its durability and environmental benefits make it cost-effective in the long run.
  • Versatility: Bamboo flooring suits a variety of interior styles, from modern to traditional.
  • Eco-friendly certification: When buying bamboo flooring, look for certifications such as FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) to ensure sustainability standards

To make the most of the benefits of bamboo flooring, you should opt for trustworthy brands and seek advice from professionals when installing them.


Cork is a unique, warm and highly sustainable flooring material with numerous eco-friendly benefits. It is effortlessly stylish, softer than hardwood, quieter than tiles and naturally insulates your home or workspace.


To enjoy these benefits for many years to come, regular cleaning and maintenance is important.

What Is Cork Flooring?

Cork flooring is made from the bark of cork oak trees, which are mainly harvested in regions such as Portugal and Spain. During this process, the outer layer of bark is carefully removed from the cork oak so that the tree can continue to grow and produce more bark.

Sustainability Benefits

  • Natural and renewable: cork is a renewable raw material
  • Excellent insulation: cork is thermally, acoustically and vibration-damping
  • Environmentally friendly: harvesting has no lasting impact on the tree

Brand Examples

  • Wicanders: Known for high-quality cork flooring.
  • Amorim: A leading cork manufacturer with a wide range of products.

Tips and Tricks for Use

  • Preparation: Ensure that the subfloor is level and clean.
  • Installation: Cork can be floated, glued or nailed down.
  • Maintenance: Regular sweeping and damp mopping are important.

Aesthetics and Comfort

Cork floors offer a warm, natural look and are pleasantly warm underfoot.

Environmental Awareness

Cork is a choice that benefits both your home and the environment.


Linoleum as a sustainable flooring material: a comprehensive overview. Linoleum is an environmentally friendly, durable and easy-care floor covering that is becoming increasingly popular. Here are the advantages, brand examples and tips for use.


What Is Linoleum?

Linoleum consists of around 80% to 90% renewable raw materials such as linseed oil, resin, wood flour and limestone. Jute or sometimes PET is used as a carrier material.

Advantages of Linoleum

  • Robustness: Linoleum is practically indestructible and can withstand rolling shelves, chairs, sports equipment and crowds of people.
  • Slip resistance: The floor covering is naturally slip-resistant.
  • Heat resistance: Linoleum can withstand hot liquids and even burning cigarettes.
  • Antibacterial and easy to clean: Dirt-repellent and quickly clean when damp mopped.
  • Easy to lay: Can be laid as rolls, planks or tiles without glue.
  • Long durability: At least 15 to 30 years, often even 40 years.

Brand Examples

  • Forbo: Produces various Marmoleum products such as sheets, tiles and Cinch Loc Seal (clickable linoleum).
  • DLW Linoleum: The “Creative by Nature” collection fulfils demanding environmental standards and consists of 98% natural raw materials.

Areas of Application:

Linoleum is suitable for corridors, kitchens, bathrooms, offices and many other rooms. It is a sustainable alternative to vinyl and laminate.

Linoleum is not only environmentally friendly, but also aesthetically pleasing. It’s worth considering this sustainable floor covering!🌿🏡

Linoleum is a sustainable choice for environmentally conscious consumers who value quality and design.

For more details, we recommend that you read: Linoleum, a Key Material for Sustainable Architecture, Linoleum Production: A Contribution to Sustainable Architecture and Laying Linoleum | A Guide to Professional Installation


Wood flooring is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also a sustainable choice for your home. Here are some important aspects of wood flooring.


What Is Sustainable Wood?

Sustainable wood comes from forests that are responsibly managed, monitored and protected. It enables the regeneration of trees for future generations.

Certifications for Sustainable Wood

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC): This international non-profit organisation guarantees responsible forest management and environmental protection. FSC-certified wood fulfils strict standards.

Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI): Another organisation that is committed to protecting our resources. SFI-certified wood is less strict, but still important.

Sustainable Types of Wood

  • Oak: Durable and versatile.
  • Maple: Light colour and hardness.
  • Bamboo: Fast growing and environmentally friendly.
  • Pine: Rustic charm and affordable.

Installation and Maintenance

  • Preparation: Ensure that the subfloor is level and clean.
  • Installation: Wood can be nailed, glued or laid as a floating floor.
  • Maintenance: Regular sweeping and damp mopping are important.

Brand Examples

  • Forbo: Known for high-quality wooden floors.
  • DLW Holz: The “Creative by Nature” collection fulfils strict sustainability standards.

Wooden floors are not only beautiful, but also environmentally friendly!


Sustainable floor coverings not only offer environmental benefits, but also aesthetic variety. When making your choice, you should consider your individual needs and the style of your home.

Please remember to have your flooring professionally installed to ensure its longevity and functionality.



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